Published date: October 31, 2018
According to the American Academy of pediatrics, stomach aches in children happens for all sorts of reasons. Stomach or abdominal pain that continues to occur is common, but usually not serious. Some children, including babies, vomit for unknown reasons. Some common reasons for vomiting include reflux or infection of the stomach, intestines and/or urinary tract.
Diarrhea starts quickly and can lasts from 7 days to 2 weeks. There is no safe medication treatment for diarrhea in children, but it will usually stop on its own. Your child may have several loose bowel movements throughout the day. They may also have a fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and a loss of appetite.
Encourage your child to drink smaller amounts of liquid more frequently. This will help to prevent dehydration. Children under 1 year old should continue drinking breast milk and formula. Children older than 1 year old should stick to a clear liquid diet until there is no vomiting for 8 hours. Examples of clear liquids include water, diluted juice, broth and gelatin. After 8 hours of no vomiting, children can progress to a BRAT diet that includes bland foods such as bananas, rice, applesauce and toast.
Give your child plenty of liquids. This will help to prevent dehydration. Continue to feed your child regular foods. Your child can continue to eat the foods he normally eats. This includes breast milk and formula for infants. You may need to feed your child smaller amounts of food than normal. You may also need to give your child foods that he can tolerate. These may include rice, potatoes and bread. It also includes fruits, well-cooked vegetables, lean meats, yogurt and skim or 1% milk. Avoid giving your child foods that are high in fiber, fat and sugar.
If your child has abdominal pain that comes on suddenly or persists it may require prompt attention, especially if your child has additional symptoms, such as a change in his bowel pattern, vomiting, fever (temperature of 100.4°F or higher), sore throat, or headache. Even when no physical cause can be found, the child's distress is genuine and should receive appropriate attention.
Call your pediatrician promptly if your baby is younger than 1 year and shows signs of stomach pain (for example, legs pulled up toward the abdomen, unusual crying); if your child aged 4 years or younger has recurrent stomachache; or if abdominal pain awakes him or stops him from getting to sleep.