Hemangioma is a benign tumor occurring at birth. It is a bundle of blood vessels, typically on the skin, but it can also be in internal organs. They are separated into two categories, infantile or congenital. Infantile hemangiomas are the most common, growing quickly for the first six months of life. After pausing growth at about six to 10 months, the hemangioma involutes (shrinks) at about a year. Infantile hemangiomas occur in approximately one in 10 children and are the most common vascular anomaly treated at the Vascular Anomalies Center of Excellence. Congenital hemangioma is its maximal size at birth. It may go away quickly, take time to go away or never go away.
Your care team at Arkansas Children’s is experienced in treating hemangiomas, and will work with you to create the best treatment plan for your child.
Infantile hemangiomas are tumors containing small abnormal blood capillaries that resemble placental tissue. They then grow intermittently, and sometimes quite rapidly, throughout the first 10 -12 months of life. There is usually no more growth after a year of age, and the hemangioma starts its involutional phase. In this phase, the hemangioma can shrink and lighten in color, or it may not appear to do anything.
Infantile hemangiomas can be classified by the areas they involve. Superficial hemangiomas involve skin only.
How are infantile hemangiomas treated?
Depending on the size of the hemangioma, this shrinking is frequently not enough to make the lesion "go away." A large percentage of hemangiomas will require some form of intervention to correct the deformity caused by the growth of the hemangioma or to correct scarring caused by ulceration. Treatment options include medical therapy with Propranolol, beta-blocker therapy, a topical treatment known as Timolol, laser therapy or surgical removal.
Congenital hemangiomas are fully formed at birth, and they usually don't grow anymore, but they may or may not involute (shrink). There are two types of congenital hemangioma:
Like each of their names implies, one tends to go away rapidly, and the other doesn’t change at all.
Still, surgical removal is required the hemangioma does not shrink on their own.
Learn how state-of-the-art treatments at Arkansas Children's is lessening the redness of Faith's vascular birthmark.
Many people call them stork's bite or angel's kisses, but vascular birthmarks (medically called vascular anomalies) are abnormal blood vessels that people are born with. Most often, you'll see them on a baby's skin not long after they're born. But they can also be found deeper than the skin and are discovered later in life as they grow.
The characteristics of this syndrome are a mixed venous-lymphatic malformation usually involving the extremities. There is usually a port wine like stain on the affected limb and there is usually a difference in size between the affected and nonaffected limb, the affected one being larger.