Otology conditions treated at Arkansas Children’s range from the very common ear infections (acute otitis media), to profound sensorineural hearing loss which may require cochlear implantation to related problems such as dizziness and vertigo.
Acute otitis media, or ear infections, occurs in at least 75% of children. Most children are treated with antibiotics.
Cholesteatoma is a small skin cyst which grows in the middle ear. These masses can slowly expand and destroy ear bones or the inner ear system.
Chronic otitis media with effusion is persistent fluid in the middle ear space for more than two to three months.
Conductive hearing loss may occur from middle ear effusion or from an inborn abnormality or acquired problem with the eardrum or middle ear bones.
Sensorineural, or nerve deafness occurs in 2-4 of every 1,000 children born. The diagnosis is oftentimes made shortly after birth by infant hearing screening programs.
Dizziness, or vertigo, is uncommon in children and can be related to a variety of underlying problems including inner ear damage and other problems.
Audiograms can be performed by pediatric otolaryngologists to reliably diagnose hearing in young children through adults.
A bone anchored hearing aid is a surgically implanted device in which a small screw is placed directly into the skull.
For the cochlear implantation procedure, a small wire is inserted through the mastoid directly into the cochlea.
Mastoidectomy is a surgery performed by drilling behind the ear in which the infected bone,
Otoacoustic emissions, or OAEs, is a very quick screening method to determine whether the cochlea, or organ of hearing, is functioning appropriately.
Tympanogram is a test which measures whether the fluid is present behind the eardrum by placing a simple probe in the ear.
Tympanoplasty is a delicate procedure performed to repair holes in eardrums.
Tympanostomy with tube insertion (PET) is a minor surgery where a small tube is inserted directly through the eardrum to remove middle ear fluid.
The pediatric otolaryngologists at Arkansas Children's are experts in the diagnosis and management of pediatric ear-related problems.
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