• Alarms - all machines have alarms to signal changes in the patient's condition. Las alarmas ayudan al equipo a responder a los cambios. No todas las alarmas son señal de emergencia.
  • Antibiotic -  a medication given to treat bacterial infections.
  • Arterial Line - a soft plastic catheter that monitors heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Blood Gas -  A sample of blood taken from an artery or vein that tells how well your child is breathing. Estas muestras se denominan GSA (de una arteria), GSV (de una vena) o GSC (de un capilar).
  • Blood Pressure - a measure of how strongly the heart is pumping to circulate blood around the body.
  • Cat Scan (CT) - a series of computerized X-rays used to show detailed views of the brain, abdomen and other parts of the body.
  • Central Line -  an intravenous tube placed in a large vein to allow administration of medication, nutrition, or measurement of central venous pressure (CVP).
  • Central Venous Pressure (CVP) - the pressure in the large vein that brings blood directly to the heart.
  • Chest Tube -  a tube that is put in the space next to the lungs, between the ribs to drain air or fluid.
  • CPT (Chest Physiotherapy) -  the respiratory therapist uses a soft rubber, cupped device known as a bopper or uses their cupped hands to pat the chest wall for mucous clearance.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) - a test given to record brain activity using small disks placed on the child's scalp.
  • Endotracheal (ET) Tube - a soft plastic tube that is inserted through the nose or windpipe, and is connected to a ventilator to help with breathing. Debido a que el tubo pasa por las cuerdas vocales, su hijo no puede llorar ni hablar fuerte mientras tenga el tubo.
  • Extubation -  removing the ET tube from the windpipe in order to allow the patient to breathe on their own.
  • Foley Catheter - a soft plastic tube that is inserted in the bladder to drain and measure the amount of urine produced.
  • Intracranial Pressure (ICP) -  the pressure inside the brain.
  • Intracranial Pressure (ICP) Monitoring Device -  a sensor that is inserted through the skull to monitor pressure. A veces se denomina perno de PIC.
  • Intravenous (IV) Tube -  a soft plastic tube that is inserted into a vein to provide fluids, nutrition and medication to the child.
  • Intubation - inserting the ET tube into the windpipe in order to use a ventilator to help the child's breathing.
  • IPV (Intrapulmonary Precussor Ventilator) - a machine that is attached to the ET tube, a facemask or mouthpiece used for mucous clearance and medication delivery to the lungs. La máquina de RPI se usa para un tratamiento más agresivo. La máquina se utiliza para dar breves golpes de aire para hacer percutir (vibrar) la vías respiratorias internamente.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - a specific X-ray that uses a magnetic field to show injured areas more clearly.
  • Nasogastric Tube (NG Tube) -  a soft plastic tube going through the nose and into the stomach; used either to drain fluid, to give formula, or to give medications.
  • Neuro Signs - tests administered to evaluate the child's response to touch, light and sound.
  • NPO - nothing passes orally, nothing to eat or drink.
  • Oxygen (O2) - oxygen is a gas to help with breathing. El O2 se puede administrar a través de una máscara, una capucha, una cánula nasal o un respirador conectado a un tubo endotraqueal. Respiramos un 21 % de oxígeno del aire libre.
  • Oxygen Saturation (O2 SAT) -  a measure of the oxygen in the blood. Cuando el nivel de oxígeno en la sangre es demasiado bajo, se denomina desaturación.
  • Pulse Oximeter - a Band-Aid type of device that indirectly measures the oxygen level in the blood. El sensor se sujeta al dedo del pie o mano del niño.
  • Transfusion - giving blood or blood products intravenously to correct a low blood count.
  • Transpyloric Tube (TPT) -  a tube placed through the nose or mouth that passes through the stomach into the beginning of the small intestine. EL TTP se usa para alimentar a los pacientes mientras están con un respirador.
  • Ventilator/Respirator -  a machine that is attached to an ET tube that delivers air and oxygen to the child. Se usa para pacientes que no pueden respirar de manera efectiva por su cuenta.
  • Vital Signs - measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature.
  • Weaning -  the process of slowly getting a child off a ventilator or medications as their health improves.